The website of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, for example, refers to the bird as “Canada goose” and describes it this way: “A familiar and widespread goose with a black head and neck, white chinstrap, light tan to cream breast and brown back.”, The National Audubon Society also refers to the bird online as “Canada goose,” and notes, “This big ‘Honker’ is among our best-known waterfowl.”. The four standard dictionaries we’ve consulted, reflecting popular usage, list “Canada goose” as the common name for the North American bird, though two of them include “Canadian goose” as a variant usage. In contrast, the largest Canada Goose can weigh twice as much as a Cackling Goose. He cites such avian adjectival examples as the American crow, the Cuban parakeet, and the Jamaican lizard cuckoo, along with attributive examples like the California condor, the Arizona woodpecker, and the Louisiana waterthrush. He referred to the bird as Anas canadensis, a protonym, or early version, of the now-accepted scientific name, Branta canadensis, or “black goose of Canada.”, (Linnaeus used Anas, classical Latin for duck, as the genus for ducks, geese, and swans. However, there's one ritual that is reminiscent of a boxing match. Canada geese have a remarkable homing instinct, returning each year to the previous site if … Their distribution is expanding in Fiordland and Southland. Once they imprint on a location, it is often difficult to make them leave. Depending on the source there are six to eleven species of Canada Goose, the smallest version having been promoted to species status as … For example, Meriwether Lewis, in a May 15, 1805, journal entry during his expedition with William Clark, uses the adjective in reporting “a small species of geese which differ considerably from the common canadian goose.”, And The American Universal Geography (1812), in listing birds of the United States, says, “The Canadian goose (Anser canadensis) is a bird of passage, and gregarious.”, In The Birds of America (1827-39), John James Audubon uses the attributive noun: “The Canada Geese are fond of returning regularly to the place which they have chosen for resting in, and this they continue to do until they find themselves greatly molested while there.”, And in Ornithological Biography (1835), Audubon describes a “curious mode of shooting the Canada Goose I have practised with much success.”, Audubon says he sinks a hogshead in the sand, covers himself with brushwood, “and in this concealment I have killed several at a shot; but the stratagem answers for only a few nights in the season.”, We’ve come across several theories about why English speakers generally prefer the term “Canada goose” to “Canadian goose.”. Canada Goose Management (CGM) can provide you with effective management solutions for your Canada Goose problems through the use of an Integrated Goose Management (IGM) approach.Utilizing all available, effective tools applicable to your specific needs, CGM can design a program that will provide relief to the specific degree desired, whether via population management or reduction. Usually, the dads will duke it out, briefly grabbing each other's necks or just flying over the other's head, the ritual satisfied. Twitter BeeDictionary.com is an Online American English Dictionary with intuitive browsing interface. Scientists believe, however, that there are 11 confirmed subspecies of geese in Canada, and most differ in appearance. Yes, Canada Geese are protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 (MBCA). Canada geese are adaptable to many habitats and may thrive wherever grasses, grains, or berries are available. The Canada goose was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his 18th-century work Systema Naturae. A better understanding of Canada geese The best way to keep Canadian geese off your property is to consult a professional, licensed pest control service, which will be able to create a long-term deterrence plan, and make sure all methods comply with the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Fish & Wildlife Act. We can cite many other examples, notably the American robin, as well as many exceptions, including the subject of today’s post: the Canada goose. We haven’t found a shred of evidence to confirm this or that such a person even existed. Not too long ago, Canadian geese were almost extinct. It belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species with largely black plumage, distinguishing them from the grey species of the genus Anser. The dictionary, which has no citation for “Canadian” goose or geese, notes that the noun “Canada” is used attributively—that is, adjectivally—“in the names of various commercial products, animals, and plants.”. In 1758, the Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeus included the Canada goose in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae, which classified animals, plants, and minerals. What do Canada Geese eat? Canada Geese are creatures of habit. Males and females are monogamous and mate for life. But size varies, and some smaller Canada Geese (females and immature birds especially) can stay nearly as compact as their estranged counterparts. Canada geese families are very territorial, wanting no other geese near their young. Canada Geese Migration Map has a variety pictures that related to find out the most recent pictures of Canada Geese Migration Map here, and furthermore you can acquire the pictures through our best Canada Geese Migration Map collection.Canada Geese Migration Map pictures in here are posted and uploaded by secretmuseum.net for your Canada Geese Migration Map images collection. It is grammatically correct to call this bird “Canada Goose” and not usually correct to call it “Canadian Goose”. He usually weighs between 7 - 14 pounds (3.2 – 6.5 kg) and the female weighs 5.5 - … ), The earliest reference to the bird in the Oxford English Dictionary is a 1772 citation from Hudson’s Bay Birds, by Johann Reinhold Forster: “The Canada geese are very plentiful at Hudson’s Bay.”, The OED has only one other citation for the usage, from the Penny Cyclopaedia (1838): “The Canada Goose generally builds its nest on the ground.”, The dictionary, which has no citation for “Canadian” goose or geese, notes that the noun “Canada” is used attributively—that is, adjectivally—“in the names of various commercial products, animals, and plants.”. What people usually mean to refer to when they use this phrase is the specific species properly called “Canada geese.” The Canada goose is one species of goose, found notably in Canada but also in other places. Chinese geese, the domesticated form of the swan goose. Canada Goose. I hear that misnomer a lot and it bothers me almost as much as hearing people say “birds and animals.”. Canada Geese eat grain from fields, graze on grass, and dabble in shallow water by tipping forward and extending their necks underwater. canadian geese or canada geese “Canadian geese” would be any old geese that happen to be in Canada. Legal Protection of Canada Geese: Canada Geese and Cackling Geese are migratory birds that are protected under Canadian law by the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, which prohibits killing or capturing the birds or damaging, destroying, removing, or disturbing their nests, except as provided for under the Migratory Birds Regulations. or Canadian goose n. A large wild goose of North America, having grayish plumage, a black neck and head, and a white throat patch. I don’t think there is more than one species of humans in Iran. “It is of course perfectly acceptable and correct to call one a ‘Canadian goose’ if you see its passport or some other verification of its citizenship,” she adds. Still, size is a good first indicator—any mini goose warrants further investigation. Canada geese are sometimes called Canadian geese or greater Canadian geese are the most popular specie in Colorado. Canada Geese are very vocal, emitting loud, two-syllable honks varied with high-pitched yelping, depending on gender and subspecies. Canada geese (Branta canadensis) are among the most familiar birds in Washington.They are a source of recreation for bird watchers and hunters and symbolize nature for many people. Canadian geese synonyms, Canadian geese pronunciation, Canadian geese translation, English dictionary definition of Canadian geese. Many people recognize the Canada goose by its distinctive black head, white cheeks, long, black neck and webbed feet. Branta, now the genus for black geese, is of unknown origin but may be related to old Germanic names for similarly colored waterbirds. Help support the Grammarphobia Blog with your donation. In addition to being disgusting, the waste has been known to carry such disease-causing organisms as E. coli and salmonella. The male is about 10% larger than the female. The data for Canadian geese is more complex, with Canadian geese dominating ca 1840, and currently on the upswing. But Linnaeus, writing in Latin, didn’t use the term “Canada goose” in the 10th edition. Sub-adults have rounded tails too, but a notch is usually present that can distinguish them from mature males. During fall, Canadian geese begin migrating from their northern breeding areas in late August and this pattern continues up … Canada Geese nested historically in some parts of southern Canada, particularly in open grassland areas with wetlands. Canada Geese Skeins of Canada geese flying in V formation are harbingers of spring and fall. Finally, Laura Erickson, who writes and broadcasts about birds, says on the mailing list of the Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union that the Canada goose “gets its name from its breeding range.”. Canada geese (Branta canadensis) live throughout the continental United States and across their namesake country. It looks more like the faeces of a small dog rather than typical bird droppings. The Canada Geese measure between 29.9 – 43.3 inches (76 – 110 cm) in length (including the tail) and have a wingspan of 50–71 inches (127 – 180 cm). Canadian geese are all the geese in Canada, not just the ones called Canada geese. Using a Goose Repellent like Flight Control® Plus will remove their food source and make the birds feel less safe. The bills of males bear a slightly different shape from those of the females, being more rounded — even bulbous — in appearance. The best way to get Canada Geese to leave a property is to take away their food & safety. It’s CANADA Geese, not CANADIAN Geese. Facebook In addition to “Canada goose,” the OED cites “Canada jay,” “Canada potato” (Jerusalem artichoke), “Canada rice” (an aquatic grass), “Canada thistle,” “Canada violet,” and others. When a goose’s mate has died, the goose will often take up to several years to choose another mate. Grammar, etymology, usage, and more, brought to you by Patricia T. O’Conner and Stewart Kellerman, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window). Canadian Geese Control Methods in the NYC Metro Area. The big, black-necked Canada Goose with its signature white chinstrap mark is a familiar and widespread bird of fields and parks. Branta canadensis. Google +. “Canadian geese” would be any old geese that happen to be in Canada. Birders and ornithologists generally accept the popular usage when referring to the goose by its English name. The Act gives the federal government the responsibility to establish hunting seasons, and Canada Geese are greatly appreciated by migratory game bird hunters across the country. Canada geese, along with most other goose species, are monogamous and form bonded pairs. There is a large range in weight between the subspecies, from 1.1 kilograms for the cackling Canada go… In 2004, Canadian Geese were confirmed to have the possibility to contract H5N1, a type of influenza that causes severe respiratory disease in birds. Today, the population of Canadian geese is so high that they are problematic throughout NYC and many other urban and suburban areas. Canada Geese are very protective parents and hiss, then attack with bites and wing-slaps if the intruder persists. No one can miss the clear honking call of Canada geese when they fly overhead in their V-shaped formation. In many regions, flights of Canada Geese passing over in V-formation -- northbound in spring, southbound in fall -- are universally recognized as signs of the changing seasons. Yet these large and intelligent birds are a frequent cause of complaint for managers of parks, lake associations, corporate parks, golf courses, and even backyards. And check out our books about the English language. The silliest one is that John Canada—described variously as an ornithologist, a taxonomist, or a taxidermist—named the bird for himself. Canada Goose is the common name for the species Branta canadensis. In the 19th century, writers used the attributive noun (“Canada”) as well as the adjective (“Canadian”) in referring to the goose. Currently, scientists are continuing research to help gauge the concern for this virus. There are other species, such as Brants and Snow Geese but not in the numbers of the Canada. Enter your email address to subscribe to the blog by email. Female Canadian geese have pointed tails, while males possess rounded tails, according to the Beauty of Birds. Canada goose is more frequently cited, according to N-grams than Canadian goose, and always has been. Once a goose has chosen a mate, the couple will stay together until one of them dies. A: Some English speakers do indeed refer to this large waterbird as a “Canadian goose,” but a majority prefer “Canada goose” as the common name for Branta canadensis, according to online searches. Thousands of “honkers” migrate north and south each year, filling the sky with long V-formations. Characterized by their long black necks and a white strip under the chin, they are pretty easy to recognize. These loud honkers are easily identified by their size – up to 20 pounds, with a wingspan up to five feet – and their characteristic white chinstrap markings across … Canada geese are widespread in the South Island and most numerous in pastoral areas of the eastern foothills of the Southern Alps from Marlborough to Central Otago, and around coastal lakes and lagoons. Canada Geese belong to the group of birds that can contract avian influenza, more commonly known as foul plague. Pat Schwieterman, a contributor to the Language Log, notes that the adjectival form is typically used when the names of countries modify nouns, while the attributive form is generally used when the names of states or provinces modify nouns. These habitats in south-western Ontario and the southern Prairies supported breeding populations of Canada Geese at the time of settlement, although it is … In general, the larger the bird means the longer the neck and the more its body is elongated. What people usually mean to refer to when they use this phrase is the specific species properly called “Canada geese.” Canada geese eat around 4lb of food daily, and half that amount is returned to the ground as poo. During much of the year they associate in large flocks, and many of these birds may be related to one another. Q: Why are they Canada geese, not Canadian geese? For a Great Vocabulary, have a Healthy Heart. Another theory is that English speakers use the attributive noun “Canada” for the goose because canadensis  in the scientific Latin name means “of Canada.”, But the ornithologist and zoologist Richard C. Banks, quoted on snopes.com, has said “the English name of a species is not directly related to the scientific name or its ending.”. If you are an old subscriber and not getting posts, please subscribe again. This big "Honker" is among our best-known waterfowl. A Canadian goose could be any goose from Canada. Banks says the common names of birds probably develop simply because the people who use them prefer them to the alternatives. After all, we have Canadian bacon and Canadian whisky. Canada geese are highly adaptable to multiple habitats, equally at home in rural and urban environments, on a pond in a city park, college campus, or golf course, or on a desolate marsh in Alaska. But geese do not have formal citizenship of course. The dictionary has very useful other features like, full definition, audio, IPA and spelled phonetics... Radnor has 'serious problem with Canada geese', Interesting words in the English language. In his book Obsolete English Names of North American Birds and Their Modern Equivalents (1988), Banks notes that the Canada goose has had many other names, including “tundra goose,” “common wild goose,” and “ring-neck goose.”. Very protective parents and hiss, then attack with bites and wing-slaps if intruder... 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